In the wake of an upsurge of civic activism, Life around learned how the rally differs from the picket, talked with the organizers of the city protests and prepared step-by-step instructions for those who decided to defend their position publicly by all means.
The easiest way to express yourself is a single picket. You can go out with a poster to almost anywhere in the city and declare anything. Neither the permission of the authorities nor the sanction from the administration of the institution next to which you will be on strike is needed. Only the provocateurs who can stand next to you and turn a single picket into a massive one, for which coordination is already needed, should be wary.
People can come to the mass picket with posters, talk and even sing, but without a stage, amplifiers or loudspeakers. As soon as they appear, the mass picket turns into an unauthorized rally and, as a rule, is quickly stopped by the police.
The most popular form of expression among politicians and civic activists requires the permission of the district, and sometimes the city administration. It differs from the mass picket in that here you can put a large stage and turn on the microphone. A separate form is unauthorized rallies. Authorization by their authorities is not required. It only takes courage and a desire to spend an evening at the police station for violating one of the two articles of the Code of Administrative Offenses: 19.3 (“Resistance to police officers”, which implies arrest up to 15 days) or 20.2 (“Violation of public order”, a fine of up to 1000 rubles).
As a rule, it ends with a rally. It differs from it in that, in addition to squares or individual sections of streets, it involves blocking at least a large section of the sidewalk. And, for example, on May 1, authorities always block Nevsky Prospect.
HOW TO INSTALL A PICKET
A single picket does not require the sanction of the authorities. About him do not even need to notify officials.
Step 1. Choose a place.You can not picket everywhere. The law prohibits a picket near "particularly dangerous facilities." These include, for example, metro, railway, production facilities, prisons. In addition, you cannot go out with a poster to the residence of the head of state. In St. Petersburg, this is the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna.
Step 2Take your documents with you.If you are participating in a picket, you must have a passport with you.
Step 3. Come Alone.No one should stand by or support you in any other way. Remember about possible provocations. They follow the standard scheme: a person approaches a picketer and begins to actively support him, in word or action. From the point of view of the police, this is already a mass picket and it cannot be held without the sanction of the city authorities.
It is impossible:
Nikolai Artemenko, activist of the Independent Student Council of St. Petersburg State University:"It’s not a problem to organize a picket. It’s enough to find a convenient place, the main thing is that thirty meters from the metro and away from objects such as Smolny or the Embassy. It’s advisable that all the props are on the picket, so that there are no problems with law enforcement officers who can quibble, that supposedly there were no extraneous things nearby. I had such a problem when we staged a picket against the “capture” of Anichkov Palace by businessmen. I portrayed an artist painting a poster on the easel “Peter without Matvienko.” The police found fault with the easel, according to they asked either to pick it up or to remove it altogether. If several people take part in a single picket, then you should stand at a distance of 30 meters. This distance is not specified anywhere, but for some reason the police always insist on this figure. "
Vladimir Volokhonsky, organizer of the March March opposition:"First you need to decide who the action is for: for yourself, for the media or for everyone. In the first two cases, you can safely go to any, even the most deserted place."
HOW TO INSTALL A MASS PICKET,Rally or procession
A mass picket is easier to coordinate than a rally or procession, but it will greatly limit your ability to communicate with the public. For getting the opportunity to shout to passers-by in the neighboring streets during the rally, you will have to wait longer and make big compromises with the authorities. Any individual can apply for a mass picket, rally or procession.
Step 1. Read31 article of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and FFederal Law No. 54 "On meetings, rallies, demonstrations, marches and pickets"
Step 2. Submit an application to the administration.If the estimated number of participants is more than 500 people, the venue is included in the list of specially stipulated in the government decree (Palace and Pionerskaya squares, Nevsky prospect, Strelka V.O., etc.), and the procession crosses the borders of the districts - you must go with the application to the city committee on law and order. In other cases, contact his regional office. The application must specify the subject, place, time and number of prospective participants in the event. An application for a meeting shall be submitted no earlier than 15 and no later than 10 days before it. Documents are submitted for a mass picket 3 days before it is held. In the event of a rally or procession, the authorities will have to wait 5-6 days. If you want to conduct a procession, then you will need to indicate its route.
Reference:In the fourth entrance of the Smolny Palace there is a window for correspondence, where you must submit applications for the rally and come for an official answer to them. It is open on weekdays from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (Friday - until 5 p.m.).
Step 3. Get ready to compromise with the authorities.Authorities may not allow you to occupy your favorite site. The refusal of approval may be motivated by holding a children's holiday at the declared place or inconvenience for the passage of citizens. By law, you must be provided with a replacement. Be prepared for the fact that instead of the square in the center, they can offer a small square on the outskirts. If this option does not suit you, it is better to either initially apply for several places at once, or refuse the options proposed by the authorities and sue. Practice shows that the first method is more productive. Obtaining permission for the procession is the most difficult. As a rule, the administration refuses the organizers with the wording: "dangerous work for the participants is carried out on the street where the procession is supposed to be carried out."
Step 4. Decide in advance the list of speakers. Practice shows that ordinary viewers get tired after 1.5 hours, and the media, as a rule, transmit information only in the first hour of the action.
Step 5. Get ready for provocations.At the rally "No call!" in May 2011, provocateurs from pro-Kremlin organizations unexpectedly appeared with posters dedicated to the allegedly American origin of the organizers of the action. At a rally of the Communist Party in April 2009, the Young Guard scattered leaflets with cartoons on Gennady Zyuganov. There are many such cases. The main task is not to succumb to provocations, because the police may consider further events to be a brawl and ask to stop the rally or to detain one of its participants. In this case, you must always have with you identification documents.
The main violations of the rally organizers:
- "Excess": the norm, the absurdity of which was recently recognized by the Moscow authorities, is still valid in St. Petersburg. The organizer of the rally may be fined for the fact that more than the stated number of participants came to the rally.
- "Discrepancy of the slogan to the declared theme." For example, during the procession of the liberal opposition in May 2010, the authorities were forced to stop the convoy and surround it with the Ministry of Internal Affairs, since, in their opinion, the slogan "Matvienko resign!" It didn’t correspond to the declared theme of the procession: “protection of the rights of citizens”.
- Violation of regulations. " For example, in St. Petersburg, rally organizers constantly forget that they should wear decals during the event. This violation may cause the rally to cease.
POPULAR PLOT AREAS:
Pedestrian area at Gostiny Dvor: on it, for example, actions were held in defense of Oleg Kashin.
The areas near the courts and police stations where detainees are at rallies: especially became relevant after mass arrests on unauthorized actions in March 2012.
Architectural objects under threat of demolition: representatives of town protection organizations come here.
POPULAR SITESFOR RALLIES AND MASS PICKETS:
Who rally:representatives of the liberal opposition, opponents of reforms in the field of education and health care, student activists, nationalists. It was on Pioneer Square that the most massive actions took place in December 2011.
The authorities willingly agree to allocate this site, which can accommodate up to several tens of thousands of citizens and is a stone's throw from the metro in the city center.
Who rally: representatives of the liberal opposition, nationalists, student activists.
Roomy enough and located in the city center, but far from the subway. Its name is symbolic - in honor of one of the symbols of the opposition of Soviet times - dissident Andrei Sakharov.
Who rally: Communists and Social Democrats.
Roomy platform and, for obvious reasons, a favorite place of the left opposition. Here is a monument to Lenin, damaged by hooligans in 2009. It is the starting point for the annual communist procession to the Aurora on November 7th.
Who rally:anarchists, nationalists.
Ideal for small rallies with specific goals, such as the release of the arrested "defenders of the Khimki forest." The bad news is that it is located away from busy streets and only random passers-by or mothers with children see the events on the next site. Another minus - right around the corner is the police station.
HISTORICAL SITESFOR RALLIES
It became the end point for the rally "For Fair Elections" in February 2012.
St. Isaac's Square
In 1989, it was the first place in Leningrad, where a non-communist rally was held. In March 2012, there were the most massive detentions in St. Petersburg over the past 5 years.
The dream of any rally organizer. In August 1991, a mass protest against the Emergency Committee was held there. At it, in March 2012, an action was held in honor of the victory in the election of Vladimir Putin, which did not bring together 2,000 people.
POPULAR SITESFOR RALLIES IN MOSCOW
It became a symbol of the struggle for freedom of assembly in Moscow. Over the past few years, unauthorized rallies have been held here in defense of 31 articles of the Constitution, which give the right to assemble peacefully without weapons. More often than not, the Moscow authorities refused the applicants and rallies harshly dispersed.
It used to be popular for conducting small-scale actions of communists and left movements. Several times in memory of Anna Politkovskaya were held here. From here on December 5, 2011, a protest movement began in Moscow, when more than three thousand Muscovites unexpectedly came to the rally “For Fair Elections”.
Here, meetings are held exclusively in support of the current government. The Kremlin celebrated the victory of United Russia in the 2007 State Duma elections. In 2008, the newly elected President Medvedev and his tandem counterpart Vladimir Putin joined the hit of the Lyube group. Now Vasilievsky descent is included in the number of places where it is possible to hold a rally only with the permission of the head of state.
Previously, small rallies of pro-Kremlin youth were held here, but after the parliamentary elections it was Bolotnaya that became the symbol of the entire protest movement, although later the rallies also took place on Academician Sakharov Avenue, on Pushkin Square and New Arbat.
In the late 80s, Manezhnaya Square was more spacious, therefore, for example, there were rallies of hundreds of thousands against the GKChP. After the reconstruction, the area became extremely uncomfortable, therefore, actions were rarely held on it. Then, in December 2010, a spontaneous rally of nationalists took place here, enraged by the murder of Spartak fan Yegor Sviridov. The last rally was held at Manezhka on March 5 - pro-Kremlin movements came out to congratulate Vladimir Putin on the victory and "defend the choice made by the Russians."